What is poker ?
You will find that there are many variations in the world of Poker. It's a famous card game played worldwide.
Basically, to play poker you must obtain a 52 card deck, tokens called chips to bet and set off in search of other online poker enthusiasts who will be your opponents.
Beyond a card game, poker is a game of money. Therefore, distributions of cards and rounds of betting are linked.
The objective of the game is to win the chips of other players, either by offering the best combination of five cards, called hands, or by abandoning the opponents.
Historical Overview of poker
The birth of poker dates back approximately two or three centuries. As well as its rather imprecise historical origins, its etymology probably comes from the German "pochen" meaning to strike. It was a German card game from the seventeenth century, considered the ancestor of poker.
Others see it as an English origin, referring to the verb "to poke" push or encourage. It would have acquired the reputation of a game that appeals players to bluff.
More generally, in its rules and in the hierarchy of its combinations, it would be similar to a French game of the late fifteenth century.
But modern poker was invented in the United States. In 1829 in New Orleans, it was played on the vessels on the Mississippi. Poker became the reference to the cowboys of the Wild West. The War of Secession of 1861 saw the emergence of a variation of poker games.
General principles of poker
Organisation of the game
Before the cards are dealt, each player needs to invest an initial sum corresponding to the amount of starting chips bet individually at the start. Depending on the variant of poker, the blinds are blinds, antes, or a bring-in.
The blinds allow players to speak last, whereas the antes do not change the order of speaking. The bring-in meanwhile is a specific forced bet of the studs, one of the open poker variations.
The role players
In poker, the dealer is often the one who possesses the 'button'. Its direct neighbour on the left has the small blind. To the left of it, is the big blind.
From the donor, the game takes place in a clockwise direction. During the preflop, (also called the first round of bets), the player in the small blind, which is also called 'Under the Gun', must act first on the first round of betting.
If his left neighbour puts in more than him, it is said that he raises.
If a player does not have a good hand, he is said to lay down. It is sometimes a tough choice to fold a good hand in anticipation of better opposition.
Poker oscillates between distribution of cards and betting rounds, the goal is to be the best hand.
The goal in poker
The poker is primarily a game of cards, but it is also a set of tokens corresponding to updates. It is to aim to win the tokens or chips of the opponents. The issue is simple, study the hierarchy of combinations.
Combinations of poker cards
A poker hand consists of five cards. Whatever the variations, the basic hands are as follows:
- The pair: Two cards of the same value combined with any three cards.
- Three of a kind: Three cards of the same value associated with any two cards.
- The suite or straight: Five consecutive cards that follow not of the same colour.
- 'Flush' or colour: five cards of the same suit (spades, diamonds, heart or clubs) that do not follow.
- The full: three of a kind plus a pair.
- The square: four cards of the same value.
Finally, the royal straight flush or royal flush, is a sequence from ACE to 10 of the same colour. This is the best possible hand in poker.
In addition, if two combinations are identical, it is the highest card, called kicker, that is the tiebreaker.
Poker and its variations
Poker variations are numerous. Here's a glimpse into three main categories:
- The closed poker, where each player is dealt five hole cards. These are also called face-down cards or pocket cards.
- Variations to community cards, wherein a portion of the cards is common while the other is private.
- The studs, where all cards are individual but can be open or closed.