Different horse races
The advantage of betting horse races is that there is a large number of races on which you can bet.
There are several different types of horse racing and the rules vary depending on the particular event, for example the trot and the gallop are two different types of races, each with their own rules and their own specificities.
In this type of racing, the horse must keep to a trot and never gets to gallop under penalty of disqualification.
The harnessed trot
In this type of race, the jockey is on a sort of cart called a sulky to which the horse is harnessed, as said earlier, the horse should not be allowed to gallop under any circumstances under penalty of disqualification.
The first horse to cross the finish line is the winner.
There are several types ways to start harnessed trotting races:
Horses are positioned behind a car (with a barrier on each side). The car travels at a low speed. Once all the horses have found their places and are trotting behind the barrier, the car accelerates, allowing the horses to do the same and so the race begins.
This type of start is most common in French races, here no places are given out. The jockeys line up the horses at right angles to the track, then when the starting signal is given, the horses must make a quarter turn to line up with the track. Then the race can begin.
The mounted trot
Although this type of race is uncommon, these horse races do take place in France and Belgium. In mounted trot races, the jockey is directly on the horse and there is no sulky.
The purpose of this type of race is to reach the finish line first without the horse starting to gallop.
The principle behind gallop races is that horses leave at a gallop and the first horse across the finishing line wins the race.
The flat race
The flat gallop is a classic race run at a distance of between 900 and 4000 meters. However the majority of races are between 1600 and 2400 meters.
Horses begin racing from the stalls, which are compartments where the horses are placed at the beginning of the race and which open automatically at the start.
To ensure fair races, a handicap system was introduced.
Each horse receives an additional weight starting at 50 to 62 pounds depending on its position in the last race, it provides relatively tight races. This load is comprised of the weight of the jockey and his equipment.
There are some notable differences from courses for flat racing. To begin with, the horses start the race behind a tape and not in the stalls, the distance is longer and the horses must overcome obstacles.
There are several types of obstacle courses:
Races ranging from 3 000 to 3,900 metres with relatively simple obstacles like bushes.
With a distance between 4300 and 4400 meters and more challenging obstacles.
This is the most complicated test of horse and rider, with more difficult obstacles for them to overcome than in the two previous types of race and an even greater distance (ranging from 5 000 to 7000 meters).