General rules of roulette


General presentation

Roulette ranks among essential casino games: it is even the oldest emblematic game played in casinos.

Roulette appeals to players with its entertaining and attractive side, but also with its ease of use. Then, for beginners as well as for expert players, it is absolutely possible to excel in the art of roulette.

Even though it is the ultimate game of chance, game strategies have been created to help you become a master of the game of roulette and to defy chance in order to hit the jackpot. More specifically, these game techniques are called martingales and exist in different variations.

The aim of the game of roulette is to bet on the colour of the box and/or the odd or even number where the small white marble thrown on the wheel will stop, once the wheel itself stops spinning.

Here is an overview of the fundamental elements that constitute the universe of roulette, to help you get familiar with this easy and captivating game!

The wheel

Often called cylinder in the jargon of roulette, the wheel is the key element in this casino game: it is even its universal symbol, which is part of the setting of the game, no matter what variation of roulette is played.

It displays an ensemble of numbered pockets coloured in red and black successively. The numbers are not in order and there is no logical reason for this series of numbers: each box contains a different number. Besides black and red pockets, there are green pockets, which are numbered with 0 or 00, according to different variations of roulette.

There are mainly three great variations of the game of roulette.

  • When in comes to American roulette, the wheel is made of 38 pockets, numbered from 1 to 36, successively coloured in black and red. The remaining two pockets are the green pockets, where 0 and 00 are displayed.
  • As for the other variations of roulette, French and English roulette, there is no box numbered 00.
 wheel-french-roulette  wheel-american-roulette

The layout

layout-rouletteOn the layout, the players place their pile of chips.

The layout is made of a table representing the configuration of numbers on the wheel. Rectangles also appear on the layout, to indicate sub-categories gathering the numbers according to:

The chips

The chips used to play roulette are different from those used in any other game.

The colour of the chips is different for each player, in order to avoid any mistake or misunderstanding that could have consequences on the smooth unfolding of the game.

It is therefore a whole system of colours that the croupier has to memorise, which corresponds to each player.

Chips can be bought at the beginning of the game, usually in packs of 20. The player is the one determining their value, depending on the budget he wishes to allocate them. This value is then indicated with a marker.

It is possible to pile up your chips on another pile of chips in a different colour, on the same box on the wheel.

The role of the croupier

The croupier plays an essential role in the smooth unfolding of a game of roulette.

Their tasks are varied: more particularly, they start by changing the money given by players into chips, so that they can place their bets on the playing table. They also exchange chips from other games in the casino room, in order for the players to have specific chips that can be used to place their bets on the roulette layout.

Until the croupier announces the famous key sentence “No more bets”, it is possible for players to keep on placing their bets. Once the phrase is uttered, the croupier turns the wheel anti-clockwise. Then, they throw the small white marble, clockwise this time, and they wait for the wheel to stop to announce the winning number and colour. At this moment, the croupier is in charge of placing a marking object on the layout, precisely on the winning number.

Finally, the croupier in the game of roulette is in charge of reimbursing the winning bets and cashing the lost bets.

The players must wait until the croupier has finished paying before they can take their chips back, or even put them back on the layout for another game of roulette.